Estate St. George’s Hill – Animal Mill

St. George’s Hill is estate 26 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the mid 1750s.

The first sign of settlement on historic maps in estate 26 is the animal mill likely built in the mid-1750s by virtue of appearing on the second printing of the Beck map. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill, although the Küffner map only indicates a settlement. The 1799 Oxholm map includes an animal mill at St Georges hill in the southeast corner of estate 26. The Parsons map shows some structures at St Georges Hill and the Danish Atlantic Islands Association indicates a settlement. Of the topographic maps, the 1920s map shows a structure at Robe Hill in the area where Oxholm denoted an animal mill.

The Beck variants attribute ownership to Thomas Armstrong or his heirs, with the lack of heirs curiously on the 1770 map, with minor spelling variations. One difference is the 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck that attributes ownership to Arensstron The 1790s maps also attribute ownership to Armstrong.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 167) cautions confusing St Georges Hill in West End Quarter with St. George Estate in Prince Quarter and notes the estate was known as Robe Hill in the 1920s.

Historic Maps of St. George’s Hill

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at St Georges Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at St Georges Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows no structures at St George Hill but do show a structure at Robe Hill in the area where Oxholm depicted an animal mill.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate St. Georges Hill.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts structures but nothing resembling a mill at St. Georges Hill.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the southeast corner of St. Georges hill.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Armstrong for estate 26.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Armstrong for estate 26.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Thom Armstrong’s heirs.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Thom Armstrong.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Thom Armstrong’s heirs.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Tho Armstrong’s heirs.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of settlement in the area of estate 26.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Arensstron.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Thomas Armstrong.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates a hand-drawn animal mill and attributes ownership to Thomas Armstrong’s heirs.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The second Beck map printing shows an animal mill in the southern portion of estate 26.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
The first Beck map printing shows no structures in estate 26.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #26, currently named St Georges Hill.
By 1749, the estate has little detail except the stream and some trees.