Estate Little La Grange – Animal Mill

Little La Grange includes both estates 30 and 33 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. For this page, the portion in estate 30 is of interest. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the late 1750s or early 1760s.

The interest here is the portion of Little La Grange in estate 30, since the windmill and other structures are found in estate 33. The first sign of an animal mill in estate 30 is the 1766 annotated and manuscript variants of the Beck Map. The animal mill also appears on the 1767 and c.1770 maps, not appearing on the 1770 annotated copy of Beck. The Oxholm and Parsons maps indicate structures consistent with the estate 33 location, with nothing substantial in estate 30. None of the topographic maps indicate structures in the estate 30 area.

Ownership of estate 30 is attributed to Cornelis Hendricksen on the Beck variants. The 1790s maps also attribute ownership to Hendricksen.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 117) notes the combination of estates 30 and 33 in Little Grange, cautioning confusion with Grange, and later into Logan Estate with Jolly Hill. Notes extensive banana fields.

Historic Maps of Little La Grange, especially estate 30

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Little La Grange.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Little La Grange.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows structures at Little La Grange in the area of estate 33, but no ruins in estate 30.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate Little La Grange.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts structures including a decommissioned windmill tower and other undefined structures by the stream at Little Grange.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the western area of little la Grange.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Hedericksen for estates 30 & 33.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Hedericksen for estates 30 & 33.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of Frederiksted from 1778 featuring West End Quarter estate # 30, currently named Little La Grange.
Oxholm’s 1778 map of Frederiksted shows ownership, attributed to Major Henricksen, now stretches north and south of the stream. On the south side of the stream, an animal mill is depicted surrounded by plantation structures to the east, west, and south (note north is to the left on this map). A slave village is to the south of this cluster. On the north side of the stream, in what is estate 33, another animal mill is located in the south center of the estate with a slave village immediately to the northeast and other structures past that to the northeast.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Major Hendricksen & Toldsones Johannes Fibiger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in estate 33 only and attributes ownership to Cornelius Hendricksen & Fibiger.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Cornel Hendricksen & HJ Fibiger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Cornel Hendricksen & HJ Fibiger.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of settlement in the area of estates 33 and 30.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Cornelius Hendrichsen & HJ Fibiger.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Cornelius Hendrichsen & Fibiger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in both estates 30 & 33 and attributes ownership to Cornelis Hendricksen & Henrick Jakob Fibiger.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The second Beck map printing shows an animal mill near the center of estate 33 and none in estate 30.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
The first Beck map printing shows no structures in estates 30 or 33.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #30_33, currently named Little La Grange.
By 1749, the estate has little detail except the stream and some trees.