Estate Jolly Hill – Animal Mill

Jolly Hill is estate 32 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the mid 1750s.

The first appearance of sugar cultivation in Jolly Hill is an animal mill icon on the mid-1750s second printing of the Beck map. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill, although the Küffner map only indicates a settlement. The 1799 Oxholm map includes an animal mill at Jolly hill. The Parsons map indicates structures in an analogous location, as does the 1920s topographic map.

Beck variants uniformly name John Jordan, with minor spelling variations. The 1790s maps attribute ownership simply to Jordan.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 102) notes an estate house between 3 hills along with the old Brookhill Estatehouse. By 1856, Jolly Hill became part of Logan Estate with Little La Grange.

Historic Maps of Jolly Hill

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Jolly Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Jolly Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows structures but no ruins at Jolly Hill.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement in the area of estate 32.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts structures but nothing resembling a mill at Jolly Hill.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the southern portion of Becks Grove.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Jordan for estate 32.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Jordan for estate 32.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to John Jordan.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to John Jordan.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to John Jordan.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to John Jordan.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of settlement in the area of estate 32.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to John Jordan.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Johan Jordan.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates a hand-drawn animal mill and attributes ownership to John Gordon.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The second Beck map printing shows an animal mill in the southern portion of estate 32, between a fork in the stream.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
The first Beck map printing shows no structures in estate 32.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #32, currently named Jolly Hill.
By 1749, the estate has little detail except the stream and some trees.