Estate Hesselberg – Animal Mill

Hesselberg is estate 24 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built, if an animal mill was built in this estate, in the late 1750s or early 1760s.

Of all the historic maps, only the manuscript copy of Beck of 1766 includes an animal mill, suggesting an animal mill may not have actually have been constructed in estate 24.

In 1750, ownership attributed to Dan’l Schmidt. The Beck variants along with the 1778 Oxholm map uniformly name Engelbert Hesselberg, with minor spelling variations. By the 1790s, ownership split between Hendricksen & Barns in the west and Hesselberg in the east.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 94) indicates the estate was in grassland and scattered trees in the 1920s.

Historic Maps of Hesselberg

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Hesselberg.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Hesselberg.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1920 USGS topographic map shows no structures at Hesselberg.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement in the area of estate 24.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of Hesselberg.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows structures but no mill at Hesselberg.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Hendricksen & Barns (W) & Hesselberg (E) for estate 24.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Hendricksen & Barns (W) & Hesselberg (E) for estate 24.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of Frederiksted from 1778 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Oxholm’s 1778 map of Frederiksted shows a battery and other structures but no sugar operation. Ownership attributed to Heselberg.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Engelbert Hesselberg.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Hesselberg.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Engelb Hesselberg.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Engelb Hesselberg.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes no settlement in the area of estate 7.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Engelbert Hesselberg.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Hessalberget.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates no structures and attributes ownership to Engelb Hesselberg.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Neither Beck printing show structures in estate 24.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
Neither Beck printing show structures in estate 24.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #24, currently named Hesselberg.
By 1749, no sign of settlement is shown. Ownership attributed to Dan’l Schmidt.