Estate Hannah’s Rest – Animal Mill

Hannah’s Rest is estate 22 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the early 1750s.

Sugar cane is indicated being grown on the 1750 map in estate 6. The animal mill was likely built in the early 1750s first printing of the Beck map. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill. The 1778 and 1799 Oxholm maps include an animal mill at Hannah’s Rest. Of the subsequent maps, the Parsons map has structures in the area analogous to the previous maps and the Danish Atlantic Islands Association indicates a settlement. Of the topographic maps only the 1920s maps has structures.

Ownership attribution in 1750 is to Heiliger Senior. The Beck variants uniformly name William Heyliger, with minor spelling variations. The Oxholm map of 1778 attributes ownership to Madame Heiliger, while the 1790s maps name simply Heyliger.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 92) noted in the 1920s the land was reputed as squatters’ land, producing cane, grass, and truck.

Historic Maps of Hannah’s Rest

Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
By 1749, sugar cane and cotton are being grown in the estate, evidenced by the yellow and blue coloring. A slave village is depicted near the center of the estate. Ownership attributed to Heileger Senior.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill in the northern portion of the estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill in the northern portion of the estate.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to William Heyliger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to William Heyliger.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to William Heyliger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to William Heiliger.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to William Heyliger.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Heiliger.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Wm Heyliger.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of a sugar mill in the area of estate 6.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of Frederiksted from 1778 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
Oxholm’s 1778 map of Frederiksted shows an animal mill and other structures, along with a slave village. Ownership attributed to Madame Heyliger.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Heyliger for estate 6.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Heyliger for estate 6.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the northeast area of Hannahs Rest.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts structures at Hannah’s Rest.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate Hannahs Rest.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows structures but no ruins at Hannah’s Rest.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Hannahs Rest.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #6, currently named Hannahs Rest.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Hannahs Rest.