Estate Frederiks Haab – Animal Mill

Frederiks Haab is estate 25 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the mid 1750s.

Provisions are indicated being grown on the 1750 map in estate 25. The first appearance of sugar cultivation in Frederiks Haab is an animal mill icon on the mid-1750s second printing of the Beck map. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill, although the Küffner map only indicates a settlement. The 1778 and 1799 Oxholm maps include an animal mill at Frederichs Haab. None of the subsequent maps indicate structures in the area.

Ownership attribution in 1750 is to Hans Neilsen Stang. The Beck variants uniformly name Friedrich Christian Heitman, with minor spelling variations. The Oxholm map of 1778 and 1790s maps also attribute ownership to Heitman.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 79-80) notes the name translates to “Frederik’s Hope” and the estate merged with neighboring Wheel of Fortune. In the 1920s, the area was planted in cane, bush, and grass.

Historic Maps of Frederiks Haab

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Frederiks Haab.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Frederiks Haab.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows no structures at Frederikshaab.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate Fortune.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of Frederiks Haab.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the western side of Friderichs Haab.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Heitman for estate 25.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Heitman for estate 25.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of Frederiksted from 1778 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
Oxholm’s 1778 map of Frederiksted shows an animal mill and other structures, along with a slave village. Ownership attributed to Heitmann.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to Frid Christ Heitmenman.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to Heitman.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to Fr Chr Heitman.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to F Chris Heitman.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of settlement in the area of estate 25.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to Frederich Hejdman.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill in the south and attributes ownership to Fridr Heitman.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates a hand-drawn animal mill and attributes ownership to Friederich Christian Hejdman.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The second Beck map printing shows an animal mill in the southern portion of estate 25.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
The first Beck map printing shows no structures in estate 25.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #25, currently named Frederiks Haab.
By 1749, provisions are being grown in the estate, evidenced by the grey coloring. Plantation house in the southeastern corner of the estate. A slave village is depicted to the east. Ownership attributed to Hans Neilsen Stang.