Estate Carlton – Animal Mill

Carlton is estate 3 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built by 1750.

The first appearance of settlement in Carlton West End Quarter Estate #3 is an animal mill icon on the manuscript map of 1750. All the variants of the Beck map included an animal mill. None of the subsequent maps locate any structures in West End Quarter estate 3.

In 1750, ownership is attributed to Whate. Ownership attribution on most of the Beck variants name Roger Ferrall, with minor spelling variations. The exception is the unsigned manuscript copy of Beck of 1766 attributing ownership to Dellanie widow. The 1790s maps attribute ownership to Bradshaw.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (pp. 49-50) does not include estate 3 in its description of Estate Carlton.

Historic Maps of Carlton, Estate 3 West End Quarter

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Carlton.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Carlton.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows no structures at Hope, the location of estate 3.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement in the area of estate 3.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of Carlton.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows no structures in estate 3.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Bradshaw for estate 3.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1790 after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Bradshaw for estate 3.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Roger Ferral.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to et Ferral.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The undated annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Roger Ferrall.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Roger Ferrall.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of a sugar mill in the area of estate 3.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Roger Farrel.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Dellanie widow.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill and attributes ownership to Rodger Farall.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill in the northern portion of the estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill in the northern portion of the estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #3, currently named Carlton.
By 1749, sugar cane was being grown in the estate, evidenced by the yellow coloring. Plantation structures and an animal mill are in the northern portion of the estate. A slave village is depicted south of the other structures near the center of the estate. Ownership attributed to Whate.