Estate Cane Valley – Animal Mill

Cane Valley is estate 27a in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the early 1750s.

The first appearance of settlement in Cane Valley is an animal mill icon on the first printing of the Beck map in the early 1750s. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill, as does the 1799 Oxholm map at Cane Valley. The Parsons maps locates 2 clusters of structures at Cane Valley and the Danish Atlantic Islands Association indicates a settlement. None of the US topographic maps indicates any structures in Cane Valley.

Ownership attribution on the Beck variants uniformly name Thomas Dorsett, with minor spelling variations. In the 1790s, maps attribute ownership to Gordon.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 33) notes the location of the estate and Thomas Dorsett as proprietor.

Historic Maps of Cane Valley

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1982 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Cane Valley.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1958 USGS topo map does not indicate any ruins at Cane Valley.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1920 USGS topographic map shows no structures at Cane Valley.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate Cane Valley.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts structures but nothing resembling a mill at Cane Valley.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the southeast corner of Cane Valley.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Gordon for estate 27.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Gordon for estate 27.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Thomas Dorsett.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Dorsett.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1767featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The c.1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Thom Dorsett.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Tho. Dorsett.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of a sugar mill in the area of estate 27.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Thom Dorsett.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Th Dorsett.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream and attributes ownership to Thom Dorsett.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill at the eastern edge of the estate, east of the stream.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #27, currently named Cane Valley.
By 1749, the estate has little detail except the stream and some trees.