Estate Becks Grove – Animal Mill

Becks Grove is estate 28 in St. Croix’s West End Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the early 1750s.

The first appearance of settlement in Becks Grove is an animal mill icon on the first printing of the Beck map in the early 1750s. All the later variants of the Beck map included an animal mill, although the Küffner map only indicates a settlement, attributing ownership to Beck. The 1799 Oxholm map includes an animal mill at Becks Grove. Of the subsequent maps, only the USGS maps of 1958 and 1982 indicate structures in the area.

Ownership attribution on the Beck variants uniformly name Cancely Radd J. Michelsen Beck, with minor spelling variations. The 1790s maps attribute ownership to Irwin.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p. 33) notes the mill is in the neighboring estate 9b of Prince Quarter, with the estate house in Cane Valley to the south in West End Quarter.

Historic Maps of Becks Grove

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map 1982 featuring West End Quarter estate # 28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1982 USGS topo map indicates ruins but nothing resembling an animal mill at Becks Grove.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1958 USGS topo map indicates ruins but nothing resembling an animal mill at Becks Grove.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1920 USGS topographic map shows no structures at Beck Grove.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring West End Quarter estate # 28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1907 map indicates a settlement at Estate Becks Grove.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of Becks Grove.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the southeast corner of Becks Grove.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring West End Quarter estate # 28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Irwin for estate 28.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring West End Quarter estate # 28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1790 map after Beck by Mühlenfels map attributes ownership to Irwin for estate 28.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill between a fork in the stream and attributes ownership to Cancellie Raad Beck.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1770 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill between a fork in the stream and attributes ownership to Canceley Rath Beck.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The c.1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill between a fork in the stream and attributes ownership to Cancelie Raad J. Mich. Beck.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1767 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill between a fork in the stream and attributes ownership to Cancelie Raad J. Mich. Beck.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring West End Quarter estate # 28, currently named Becks Grove.
Küffner’s 1767 Beck replica includes an indication of settlement in the area of estate 28, naming it Becks.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill along the estate line and attributes ownership to Canceli Raad Beck.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck map illustrates an animal mill east of the stream and attributes ownership to Cancely Rad Beck.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The 1766 annotated Beck map illustrates an animal mill between a fork in the stream and attributes ownership to Canceli Raad Beck.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill between a fork in the stream near the center of the estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
The first and second printings of the Beck map both show an animal mill between a fork in the stream near the center of the estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring West End Quarter estate #28, currently named Becks Grove.
By 1749, the estate has little detail except the stream and some trees. Ownership attributed to Jorgen Hardung.