Estate Jerusalem & Figtree Hill – Animal Mill

Jerusalem & Figtree Hill is estate 40 in St. Croix’s Queen Quarter. The animal mill was likely built in the 1740s based on appearances on historic maps. Given the location in the industrial area, no remains of the ruins could likely be located.

The 1750 map indicates sugar cultivation and an animal mill in estate 40. Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the center of estate 40, an icon depicted on the maps through the 1760s and 1770s.

The 1799 Oxholm map and the 1856 Parsons map show no structures that could be mistaken for a sugar mill. None of the 20th-century topographic maps shows structures identifiable as a windmill at Jerusalem and Figtree Hill.

The 1750 map attributes ownership to Robert & James Handsen. The annotated Beck maps and manuscript copies split the ownership north and south, with B French attributed ownership in the north on the early maps and Peter Heyliger Johnson on the later maps. All maps attribute ownership of the southern portion to Jonathan Evans’ widow. By 1790, ownership transitioned to John Ferrall.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.100) locates a milltower, top 116 feet above sea, on 82-foot knoll, 850 yards north of Limetree Bay. McGuire identifies Jerusalem but has no entry for Figtree Hill.

Historic Maps of Jerusalem & Figtree Hill

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic maps of 1958 & 1982 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic maps of 1958 & 1982 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1921 USCGS topographic sheet shows Old Mill Tower, top 116no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Jerusalem.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1907 map identifies an estate at Jerusalem.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no animal mill in the area of Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows a structure but nothing identifiable as an animal mill in estate 40.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership of estates 40 and to John Ferrall.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership of estates 40 and to John Ferrall.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The annotated Beck map of c.1770 depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to Peter Heyliger Johnson in the north and Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The annotated Beck map of 1770 depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to Peter Heyliger Johnson in the north and Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map of featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The undated annotated Beck map of depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to Peter Heyliger Johnson in the north and Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Queen Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The 1767 Küffner manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a sugar mill and attributes ownership to Jerusalem.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The annotated Beck map of 1767 depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to Peter Heyliger Johnson in the north and Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to B French in the north & Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to B French in the north & Johnathan Evans' widow in the south.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Queen’s Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
The annotated Beck map of 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 40 and attributes ownership to B French in the north & Johnathan Evans’ widow in the south.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the center of estate 40.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #40, currently named Jerusalem & Figtree Hill.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the center of estate 40.