Estate Cassava Garden – Animal Mill

Cassava Garden is estate 49 in St. Croix’s Queen Quarter. The animal mill was likely built in the 1760s based on appearances on historic maps. The location of the animal mill on the Beck map variants is in the far northwest corner, while the 1799 Oxholm map places the mill closer to the center of the estate.

The 1750 map indicates provision cultivation and structures in estate 49. While neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 49, the 1766 and 1767 annotated Beck maps and manuscript copies all depict an animal mill, while the three later annotated Beck maps do not.

The 1799 Oxholm map shows an animal mill at Cassava garden. Parsons’ 1856 map depicts a ruin at Cassava Garden. None of the 20th-century topographic maps shows structures identifiable as a windmill at Cassava Garden.

The 1750 map attributes ownership to Claxton. All of the 1760s and 1770s maps attribute ownership to Laurence Bladwell. The 1790 & 1791 maps attribute no ownership in estate 49.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.51) notes the location and early ownership of Estate Cassava Garden, locating the Estatehouse about 1,000 yards from Limetree Bay. Also highlights that Cassava Garden was combined with Pearl into Castle Coakley in 1854, different from the 1851 date indicated in the Castle Coakley entry.

Historic Maps of Cassava Garden

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic maps of 1958 & 1982 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic maps of 1958 & 1982 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1919 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1907 map identifies an estate at Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts a ruin to the north of the stream in the north side of Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill at the bottom of a hill to the north of the stream in the center of Cassava garden.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes no ownership in estate 49.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes no ownership in estate 49.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The annotated Beck map of c.1770 depicts no animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The annotated Beck map of 1770 depicts no animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map of featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The undated annotated Beck map of depicts no animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1767 Küffner manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but no sugar mill and attributes no ownership in the area of Cassava Garden.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The annotated Beck map of 1767 depicts an animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts an animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The annotated Beck map of 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 49 and attributes ownership to Laurence Bladwell.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 49.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Queen's Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 49.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Queen Quarter estate #49, currently named Cassava Garden.
The 1750 map by Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates provision cultivation and structures but no animal mill in estate 49. Ownership attributed to Claxton.