Estate Negro Bay (Golden Grove) – Animal Mill

Negro Bay [Golden Grove] is estate 47 in St. Croix’s Prince Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, if an animal mill was built in this estate, it was likely built in the late 1750s or early 1760s.

In 1750, the southern portion of estate 47 was planted in provisions. Estate 47 in Prince Quarter has the distinction of being subdivided on the printed Beck maps. Only the 1766 annotated Beck map depicted an animal mill, here in the southwestern extremity. None of the subsequent maps included an animal mill or other structures in the southern extreme of estate 47, although Oxholm placed the Fox windmill in the northern extreme.

The 1750 map attributes ownership to Thomas Leek. For this western portion of the estate, ownership was attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.78, 135) notes the names Fox and Negrobay for estate 47.

Historic Maps of Negro Bay (Golden Grove)

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins or other structures identifiable as an animal mill at estate 47.
Snippet of the 1958 USGS topographic map featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins or other structures identifiable as an animal mill at estate 47.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1920 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures in the area of estate 47.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement at estate 47.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of estate 47.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows no structures in estate 47.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Fitcomb in the west and Armstrong in the east.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Fitcomb in the west and Armstrong in the east.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The annotated Beck map of c.1770 depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The annotated Beck map of 1770 depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The undated annotated Beck map of depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but no sugar mill and attributes no ownership in the area of Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The annotated Beck map of 1767 depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts no animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The annotated Beck map of 1766 is the only map to depict an animal mill in estate 47. Estate 47 has three subdivisions, to the west with ownership attributed to James Cunningham or his heirs. The northeast quadrant joins with estate 48 to the east, with ownership attributed to John Irvin on all maps. The southeast quadrant joins with estates 48 to the east and 49 to the southeast, with ownership attributed to William Manning on all maps.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 47. Note the estate number is not in the upper right corner but along the dotted line running down the center of the estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 47. Note the estate number is not in the upper right corner but along the dotted line running down the center of the estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #47, currently named Negro Bay/Golden Grove.
The 1750 map by Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates provision cultivation in the southern portion of estate 47. Ownership attributed to Thomas Leek.