Estate Høgensborg – Animal Mill

Hogensborg is estate 25 in St. Croix’s Prince Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the early 1750s.

The portion of estate Høgensborg in tract 25 of Prince Quarter, not to be confused with the neighboring tract 17 in West End Quarter, was first indicated with settlement and sugar cultivation on the 1750 manuscript map but no animal mill. Both Beck printings included an animal mill that remained unchanged on all the Beck map variants, unlike most of maps depicting neighboring estate 17 with a windmill. None of the subsequent maps depicted any ruins in estate 25.

The 1750 map attributed ownership to Pann. All of the Beck maps attributed ownership to Commeraad Johannes Soebodker, including the Kuffner map. Ownership attribution to Sobotker continued into the 1790s.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.94) noted ownership to Kammeraad Johan Søbodker. In the 1920s, the area was reportedly planted in cane, orchards, and pasture. The Danish Høgensborg was translated City of the Hawk.

Historic Maps of Høgensborg

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no structures or ruins identifiable as an animal mill on the Prince Quarter side of Hogesnborg (to the right of the black dashed line).
Snippet of the 1958 USGS topographic map featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no structures or ruins identifiable as an animal mill on the Prince Quarter side of Hogesnborg (to the right of the black dashed line).
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1920 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures in the area of estate 25.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1907 map indicates the settlement at Hogensborg in West End Quarter.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of estate 25.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows a windmill in the estate 17 of West End Quarter. However, no structures or names appear in estate 25 in Prince Quarter of Högens Borg.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Sobotker.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Sobotker.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1770 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The annotated Beck map of c.1770 depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1770 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The annotated Beck map of 1770 depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of c.1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The undated annotated Beck map of depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a sugar mill and attributes ownership to Söbotker in the area of Hogensborg.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1767 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The annotated Beck map of 1767 depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck from 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The annotated Beck map of 1766 depicts an animal mill in estate 25 and attributes ownership to Cammeraad Johannes Soebodker. Note that estate 17 of West End Quarter, also part of estate Hogensborg at the time, has a windmill and appeared to have a considerably larger settlement.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill to the west of the stream in estate 25.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill to the west of the stream in estate 25.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Prince's Quarter estate #25, currently named Hogensborg.
The 1750 map by Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates sugar cultivation and structures but no animal mill in estate 25. Ownership attributed to Pann.