Estate Solitude – Animal Mill

Solitude is estate 15 in St. Croix’s Northside B Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built between 1770 and 1790.

No indication of settlement is found on the French map of 1671, the 1750 Danish survey, or the 2 printed Beck maps. None of the Beck variants show an animal mill. The1799 Oxholm map indicates an animal mill in the southwest corner of estate 15. None of the subsequent maps indicate any structures.

The 1766, 1767, and c.1767 annotated Beck maps attribute ownership to Robert Colhun’s heirs, with spelling variants, as do the 1766 unsigned and Zöllner manuscript copies of Beck. The 1770, 1790, and 1791 maps attribute ownership simply to Colhun, with spelling variants. All of these spelling variants seem to refer to the currently accepted Robet Colquohoun.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.179) attributes historic ownership to Robert Kalhuns heirs, consistent with the spelling of the 1767 annotated map in the Library of Congress. The description also notes the peak of Mount Eagle in the northeast corner of this estate with Solitude hill on the south slope of the estate.

Historic Maps of Solitude

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1982 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1982 USGS topographic map show no ruins at Solitude.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1958 USGS topographic map show no ruins at Solitude.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1921 USCGS topographic map shows no ruins at Solitude.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement near Solitude.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no icons at Solitude.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in estate 15.
Snippet of 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Colhoun.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Colhoun.
Snippet of the circa 1770 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes no ownership.
Snippet of the annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1770 annotated Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Cothune.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The undated annotated Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Robert Calhuns heirs.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but not a sugar mill.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1767 annotated Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Robert Calhuns heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Robert Calhuns heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Robert Calhuns heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
The 1766 annotated Beck map includes no sugar milling equipment in estate 15 and attributes ownership to Robert Calhuns heirs.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in circa 1757 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
Neither of the Beck map printings indicates sugar machinery in Solitude (Northside B) estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
Neither of the Beck map printings indicates sugar machinery in Solitude (Northside B) estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Northside B quarter estate #15, currently named Solitude.
By 1750, no settlement is indicated near Solitude (Northside B) estate.