Estate Mount Pleasant, Northside B – Animal Mill

Mount Pleasant is estate 11 in St. Croix’s Northside B Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the mid-1750s.

No indication of settlement is found on the French map of 1671 or the 1750 Danish survey. While the first printed Beck map shows no sugar machinery icon, an animal mill appears on the second printing. An animal mill icon appears in all the other annotated and manuscript copies of the Beck map in estate 11. Oxholm’s 1799 map depicts an animal mill in the southeast extremity of Mt pleasant estate. Of the subsequent maps, only the 1921 USCGS topographic map shows ruins of any kind, in this case at Little Fountain in the southeast corner of the estate.

Ownership of Mount Pleasant is attributed to variation of the first name of Johan Christ Testman on all the variants of the Beck map. By 1790, ownership was attributed to Baron de Breton on both the Mühlenfels and Janssen maps.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.131) notes the name as Little Fountain in estate 11 and Testman as attributed ownership.

Historic Maps of Mount Pleasant

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1982 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Pleasant.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1958 USGS topographic map show no ruins at Mount Pleasant.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1921 USCGS topographic map shows ruins, but nothing indicating an animal mill, in the area of Mount Pleasant.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement near Mount Pleasant.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no icons near Mount Pleasant, with one hill measured at 642 feet elevation.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill at Mt. pleasant.
Snippet of 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Baron de Brittons.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Baron de Brittons.
Snippet of the circa 1770 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1770 annotated Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The undated annotated Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but not a sugar mill.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1767 annotated Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The 1766 annotated Beck map includes an animal mill in estate 11 and attributes ownership to J.C. Testman.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in circa 1757 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The second Beck printing c.1757 includes an animal mill at Mount Pleasant (Northside B) estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
The first Beck map printing of 1754 indicates no sugar machinery at Mount Pleasant (Northside B) estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Northside B quarter estate #11, currently named Mount Pleasant.
By 1750, no settlement is indicated near Mount Pleasant (Northside B) estate. Ownership attributed to Cammer.