Estate Mount Eagle – Animal Mill

Mount Eagle is estate 14 in St. Croix’s Northside B Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the late 1750s or early 1760s.

No indication of settlement is found on the French map of 1671, the 1750 Danish survey, or the 2 printed Beck maps. Only the 1766 annotated map and the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck include an animal mill. None of the other Beck variants depict an animal mill. The 1799 Oxholm map depicts an animal mill in the extreme southwest corner of Mt Eagle estate. None of the subsequent maps depict any structures in the area of Mount Eagle.

Ownership of Mount Eagle is attributed to Robert Brown on the 1766 and 1767 variants of the Beck map and to Theobald Burke on the 1770 variants. By 1790, ownership was attributed to William S. Newton on both the Mühlenfels and Janssen maps.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.131) attributed ownership to Robert Brown with the estate house in the southwest corner, consistent with the Oxholm map. Curiously, the peak of Mount Eagle is not in this estate, but the neighbor to the west, Solitude.

Historic Maps of Mount Eagle

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1982 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Eagle.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Eagle.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1921 USCGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Eagle.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1907 map indicates no settlement near Mount Eagle.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no icons at Mount Eagle.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill at Mt. Eagle.
Snippet of 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to William S. Newton.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to William S. Newton.
Snippet of the circa 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map has no indication of sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 14 and attributes ownership to Theobald Burke.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1770 annotated Beck map has no indication of sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 14 and attributes ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The undated annotated Beck map has no indication of sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 14 and attributes ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but not a sugar mill.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1767 annotated Beck maps has no indication of sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 14 and attributes ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Only the 1766 annotated and Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck depicts a hand-drawn animal mill in estate 14 and attribute ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck has no indication of sugar manufacturing equipment and attributes ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
None of the other Beck versions have any indication of sugar manufacturing equipment. The 1766 annotated Beck map attributes ownership to Robert Brown.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in circa 1757 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Neither of the Beck map printings indicates sugar machinery in Mount Eagle estate.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
Neither of the Beck map printings indicates sugar machinery in Mount Eagle estate.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Northside B quarter estate #14, currently named Mount Eagle.
By 1750, no settlement is indicated near Mount Eagle estate.