Estate Mount Washington, Northside A – Animal Mill

Mt. Washington is estate 13 in St. Croix’s Northside A Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built between 1770-1794. The cockpit animal mill can be seen very readily today.

Like many other estates on the northwest of St. Croix, no indication of sugar manufacturing is found on most historic maps in the 18th century. The 1799 Oxholm map depicts an animal mill, while the 1856 Parsons map includes several structures at the end of the road. The 20th-century topographic maps show no structures or ruins.

Ownership attributed to Jeremiah Smith on the annotated and manuscript copies of Beck transitions to Richard Buntin by the 1770 maps. By 1790, ownership transitioned to G. Gordon.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.132) notes the production of sugar cane, fruit, and vegetables in the 1920s.

Historic Maps of Mount Washington, Northside A

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1982 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Washington.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Mount Washington.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows no structures in the area of Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1907 map indicates a windmill at Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts some structures at the end of the road at Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill at Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to G. Gordon.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to G. Gordon.
Snippet of the circa 1770 annotated Beck maps featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The c.1770 annotated Beck maps shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Richard Buntin.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1770 annotated Beck map shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Richard Buntin.
Snippets of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The undated annotated Beck map shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Jeremias Smith.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement in the area of Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate #13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1767 annotated Beck map shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Jeremias Smith.
The 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of Beck shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Jeremias Smith.
Snippet of the 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of Beck featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the unsigned manuscript copy of Beck featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Jeremias Smith.
Snippets of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1766 annotated Beck map plus the Zollner manuscript copy shows no sugar manufacturing equipment in estate 13 and attributes ownership to Jeremias Smith.
Snippet of Beck map printed in circa 1757 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Neither of the Beck printings depict any sugar machinery.
Snippet of Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
Neither of the Beck printings depict any sugar machinery.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1750 map indicates no cultivation and attributes no ownership.