Estate Caledonia – Animal Mill

Caledonia is estate 35 in St. Croix’s Northside A Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built between 1770-1794.

While the French map of 1671 shows a settlement with the name Muri in the area of Caledonia, the first Danish map of 1750 shows no settlement in the area. None of the printed, annotated, and manuscript copies of the Beck map show an animal mill in an unnumbered area in what became estate 35. The 1799 Oxholm map depicts an animal mill at Caledonia. None of the subsequent maps show any structures.

Any ownership attribution on the Beck map variants is to the widow Roger. By 1790, ownership was attributed to Farrington.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.45) mentions estate being known as Cunningham Plantage.

Historic Maps of Caledonia

Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1982 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Caledonia Valley.
Snippet of the U.S. Geological Service topographic map of 1958 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins at Caledonia Valley.
Snippet of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey topographic map of 1920 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1920 USCGS topographic map shows no structures in the Caledonia Valley.
Snippet of the Danish Atlantic Islands Association map of 1907 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1907 map indicates no icon at Caledonia.
Snippet of the Parsons map of 1856 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures at Caledonia.
Snippet of the Oxholm map of 1799 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill at Caledonia. The vertical line on the 1799 snippet reflects a paper fold on the map original.
Snippet of the Janssen map of 1791 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Farrington.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Farrington.
Snippets of the circa 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The c1770 annotated Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1770 annotated Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The undated annotated Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1767 annotated Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippet of the Küffner map of 1767 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
Küffner’s 1767 manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement in the area of Caledonia.
Snippet of the 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of Beck featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1766 Zollner manuscript copy of the Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of the Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippets of the annotated Beck map of 1766 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1766 annotated Beck map shows no animal mill in what became estate 35 and attributes ownership to the widow Roger.
Snippets of Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
Neither of the Beck printings depict any sugar machinery.
Snippet of Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Northside A quarter estate #35, currently named Caledonia.
Neither of the Beck printings depict any sugar machinery.
Snippet of the Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map of 1750 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 35, currently named Caledonia.
The 1750 map indicates no cultivation and attributes no ownership.