Estate Mount Washington, East End A – Animal Mill

Mount Washington is estate 33 in St. Croix’s East End B Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built between 1770 and the 1790s and decommissioned before 1856. Roland Franly/Franklin was attributed ownership through the 1760s and then Gordon in the 1790s. No field reconnaissance was done to locate ruins of the animal mill.

Settlement in the area of Mount Washington was evident by 1749, with provision cultivation in estate 33 and attributes property ownership to Benjamin Coakly. None of the Beck variants indicate an animal mill in estate 33. An animal mill appears on the 1799 Oxholm map. The subsequent maps indicate settlement at Mount Washington but no structures could be mistaken for an animal mill. Ownership attribution to Rowland Franklin on the Beck map variants is spelled Roward Franeklein, Rowland Franeklein, and Roland Franklÿ. By 1770, Franklin evidently had died, since ownership had transferred to the heirs. By 1790, ownership transferred to Gordon. McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.132) notes the ownership of the estate by Roland Frankly and the extent of estate Mount Washington beyond estate 33.

Historic Maps of Mount Washington, East End A

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1982 USGS map shows no ruins or other structures of interest at Union and Mount Washington.
Snippet of the 1920 USCGS topographic map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1919 USCGS topographic map shows a couple of structures but no indication of any ruins or a mill at Mount Washington.
Snippet of the 1907 Danish Atlantic Islands Association map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1907 map indicates a circle at Mt. Washington.
Snippet of the 1856 Parsons map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts several structures but no tower at Washington.
Snippet of the 1799 Oxholm map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill and several other structures at Mount Washington along with the icon for a cotton plantation.
Snippet of the 1791 Janssen map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Gordon.
Snippet of the Mühlenfels map of 1790 featuring Northside A quarter estate # 13, currently named Mt. Washington.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to G. Gordon.
Snippet of the c.1770 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin heirs.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1770 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin heirs.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The undated annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1767 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin.
Snippet of the 1767 Küffner map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1767 Kuffner map depicts a settlement in the area of Mount Washington, with ownership attributed to Hartmans.
Snippet of the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The 1766 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 33 and attributes ownership to Roland Franklin.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 33.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 33.
Snippet of the 1750 Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map featuring East End A Quarter estate #33, currently named Mount Washington.
The Cronenberg and von Jægersberg map of 1750 indicates provision cultivation in estate 33 and attributes property ownership to Benjamin Coakly.