Estate Lowry’s Hill – Animal Mill

Lowry’s Hill is estate 22 in St. Croix’s East End A Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the 1760s and remained in service at least until the 1790s. Some nondescript structures appear on the 1856 map. No field reconnaissance was done to locate ruins of the animal mill.

Settlement in the area of Lowry’s Hill reaches to the earliest times, with either Cortebotte or la Fleur attributed ownership in the French period and John on the initial 1749 Danish survey. While neither of the Beck printings had an animal mill, nearly all the annotated and manuscript Beck maps along with the 1799 Oxholm map included an animal mill at estate 22. All the subsequent maps indicate a settlement and/or ruins at Lowry(s) Hill. Ownership attribution on the Beck map variants is spelled Lewry, Loury, or Lowry, with the c.1770 map attributed to Seÿbech. By 1790 ownership transferred to Stridiron and Howel. McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.121) notes the ownership in 1754 by George Loury and in the 1850s of Arnesen Estates.

Historic Maps of Lowry’s Hill

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill at Lowrys Hill.
Snippet of the 1920 USCGS topographic map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1919 USCGS topographic map shows a flagpole plus some other structures at Lowry Hill.
Snippet of the 1907 Danish Atlantic Islands Association map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1907 map indicates a circle at Lowry Hill.
Snippet of the 1856 Parsons map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts some structures with no clear indication of their use at Lowry Hill.
Snippet of the 1799 Oxholm map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill in the northeast corner of estate Lowry’s Hill on a ridge, with several structures to the southwest along the same ridge and across the road.
Snippet of the 1791 Janssen map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership to Stridiron and Howel.
Snippet of the 1790 Mühlenfels map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership to Stridiron and Howel.
Snippet of the c.1770 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The annotated Beck map from c.1770 indicates an animal in the south of the estate and attributes ownership to Seÿbech.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1770 annotated Beck map indicates no structures and attributes ownership to Lewry. The name underlined in red indicates cultivation of sugar.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The undated annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 22 and attributes ownership to Georg Loury.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1767 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 22 and attributes ownership to Georg Loury.
Snippet of the 1767 Küffner map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1767 Kuffner map depicts a settlement in the area of Lowrys Hill, with ownership attributed to Lowry.
Snippet of the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1766 Zöllner copy of Beck’s map depicts an animal mill in the south of the estate, attributing ownership to Georg Lowry.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1766 unsigned manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts an animal mill in the south of the estate, attributing ownership to Georg Lowry.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The 1766 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 22 and attributes ownership to Georg Loury.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 22.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 22.
Snippet of the 1750 Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map featuring East End A Quarter estate #22, currently named Lowrys Hill.
The Cronenberg and von Jægersberg map of 1750 indicates a structure, provision cultivation, and attributes property ownership to John.