Estate Recovery Hill – Animal Mill

Recovery Hill is estate 24 in St. Croix’s Company Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the 1760s and decommissioned before 1856. No field reconnaissance was done to locate ruins of the animal mill.

The 1750 map depicts cultivation of cotton and provisions in estate 24. Neither of the Beck printings included a sugar mill icon. About half the annotated Beck maps and manuscript copies added an animal mill.

The 1778 and 1799 Oxholm maps both depicted an animal mill at Recovery. The 1856 Parsons map depicted no structures in the area. None of the 20th century topographic maps depict ruins identifiable as a windmill.

The 1750 map attributed ownership to Gouverneur Hanssen. All the maps from the 1766 annotated Beck map through the 1778 Oxholm map attributed ownership to Peter Wood. Ownership in 1790 transitioned to William Wood.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.) notes the location and originally plantage of Peter Wood. Locates the residence at end of trail in glen, 5/8 mile south-southeast of Fort.

Historic Maps of Recovery Hill

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill at Recovery Hill.
Snippet of the 1958 USGS topographic map of featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill at Recovery Hill.
Snippet of the 1920 USCGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1919 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures identifiable as a mill at Recovery.
Snippet of the 1907 Danish Atlantic Islands Association map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1907 map identifies an estate at Recovery Hill.
Snippet of the 1856 Parsons map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures in the area of Recovery, either on the main map or the inset of Christiansted.
Snippet of the 1799 Oxholm map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill on the west end of a ridge at the end of the road with other structures to the southeast in the center of Recovery.
Snippet of the 1791 Janssen map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership of estate 24 to Wm Wood.
Snippet of the 1790 Mühlenfels map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership of estate 24 to Wm Wood.
Snippet of the 1778 Oxholm map of Christiansted featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1778 Oxholm map shows an animal mill with other structures to the south and east, all in the southwest quadrant of the unnamed estate 23. On this map, estate 24 is identified as Hospital Ground. Ownership of estate 23 attributed to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the c.1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1770 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The undated annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the 1767 Küffner map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Küffner manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a settlement but no sugar mill and attributes ownership to Wood in the area of Recovery.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1767 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck depicts an animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts no animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
The 1766 annotated Beck map depicts no animal mill in estate 24 and attributes ownership to Peter Wood.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 24.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Neither Beck printing shows a sugar mill icon in estate 24.
Snippet of the 1750 Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map featuring Company's Quarter estate #24, currently named Recovery.
Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates cotton cultivation and structures but no animal mill in estate 24. Ownership attributed to Gouverneur Hanssen.