Estate Constitution Hill – Animal Mill

Constitution Hill is estate 7 in St. Croix’s Company Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the 1740s and decommissioned before 1778. The animal mill was scratched out on the c.1770 map and appears on no maps from 1778 and later. No field reconnaissance was done to locate ruins of the animal mill.

Sugar cultivation came early to estate 12, with structures including an animal mill depicted on the 1750 map. Both Beck printings depicted an animal mill in estate 7. The annotated Beck maps retained this animal mill, with the curious exception of the c.1770 annotated map that crossed out the animal mill.

The 1778 and 1799 Oxholm maps depict no structures in estate 7. The 1856 Parsons map also depicts no structures while identifying some elevation marks. None of the 20th century topographic maps depict ruins identifiable as a windmill.

The 1750 map attributed ownership to Johann Wilhelm Schoppen. The 1760s annotated Beck maps and manuscript copies attributed ownership to James Hely Hughes widow, while the 1770 maps attributed ownership to Friis Eilschow. By 1790, ownership transitioned to General Schimelman.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.58) notes the 350-foot height of the hill within neighboring estate 25 in Queen Quarter, along with the early ownership by James Hely Hughes’ widow.

Historic Maps of Constitution Hill, Company’s Quarter

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill in the area of Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1958 USGS topographic map of featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill in the area of Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1920 USCGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1919 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1907 Danish Atlantic Islands Association map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1907 map identifies an estate at Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1856 Parsons map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no structures that could be an animal mill in the area of Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1799 Oxholm map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows no structures in estate Constitution hill.
Snippet of the 1791 Janssen map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership of estate 7 to General Schimelman.
Snippet of the 1790 Mühlenfels map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership of estate 7 to General Schimelman.
Snippet of the 1778 Oxholm map of Christiansted featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1778 Oxholm map shows a no structures in the unnamed estate 7. Ownership attributed to General Schimmelmann.
Snippet of the c.1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill scratched out in estate 7 and attributes ownership to Friis Eilschow.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1770 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to Friis Eilschow.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The undated annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to James Hely Hughes widow and heirs.
Snippet of the 1767 Küffner map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1767 Küffner manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a sugar mill but attributes no ownership in the area of Constitution Hill.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1767 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to James Hely Hughes widow and heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to James Hely Hughes widow and heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to James Hely Hughes widow and heirs.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1766 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estate 7 and attributes ownership to James Hely Hughes widow and heirs.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the center of estate 7.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the center of estate 7.
Snippet of the 1750 Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map featuring Company's Quarter estate #7, currently named Constitution Hill.
The 1750 map by Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates sugar cultivation and structures including an animal mill in estate 7. Ownership attributed to Johann Wilhelm Schoppen.