Estate Bugby Hole – Animal Mill

Bugby Hole is estate 20-21 in St. Croix’s Company Quarter. Based on appearances on historic maps, the animal mill was likely built in the 1740s and decommissioned before 1856. No field reconnaissance was done to locate ruins of the animal mill.

Sugar cultivation came early to estate 21, with structures including an animal mill depicted on the 1750 map. The printed Beck maps both included an animal mill, which was retained on the annotated and manuscript copies.

The 1799 Oxholm map depicts an animal mill at Bugby hole. The 1856 Parsons map does not depict a windmill or tower but does depict other structures. None of the 20th century topographic maps identify ruins at Bobby Hole or Bugbyhole.

The 1750 map attributed ownership to Daniel Cole. For the northern portion of estate 21, ownership attributed on all the annotated Beck maps to James Hanson or Peter Heiliger Senior. By 1790, ownership of the western portion attributed to Dunbavin and the eastern portion to De Nully.

McGuire geographic dictionary of the Virgin Islands (p.43) notes the location of estate Bugby Hole with some early ownership attributions.

Historic Maps of Bugby Hole

Snippet of the 1982 USGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1982 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill at Bugby Hole.
Snippet of the 1958 USGS topographic map of featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1958 USGS topographic map shows no ruins identifiable as an animal mill at Bugby Hole.
Snippet of the 1920 USCGS topographic map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1919 USCGS topographic sheet shows no structures identifiable as an animal mill at Bobby Hole.
Snippet of the 1907 Danish Atlantic Islands Association map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1907 map identifies an estate at Bugby Hole.
Snippet of the 1856 Parsons map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
Parsons’ 1856 map depicts no animal mill at Bugby Hole.
Snippet of the 1799 Oxholm map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
Oxholm’s 1799 map shows an animal mill on the south side of a hill to the east of the stream with other structures to the east in the southeast quadrant of Bugby hole.
Snippet of the 1791 Janssen map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1791 manuscript map after Beck by Janssen attributes ownership of estate 20 to Dunbavin on the west and DeNully on the east.
Snippet of the 1790 Mühlenfels map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1790 manuscript map after Beck by Mühlenfels attributes ownership of estate 20 to Dunbavin on the west and DeNully on the east.
Snippet of the c.1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The c.1770 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to James Hanson.
Snippet of the 1770 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1770 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to Peter Heiliger Senior.
Snippet of the undated annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The undated annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to James Hanson.
Snippet of the 1767 Küffner map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1767 Küffner manuscript copy of Beck’s map depicts a sugar mill and attributes ownership to Hansen in the area of Bugby Hole.
Snippet of the 1767 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1767 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to James Hanson.
Snippet of the 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1766 Zöllner manuscript copy of Beck depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to Peter Heiliger Senior.
Snippet of the 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1766 unsigned Beck manuscript copy depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to Peter Heiliger Senior.
Snippet of the 1766 annotated Beck map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1766 annotated Beck map depicts an animal mill in estates 20-21 and attributes ownership to Peter Heiliger Senior.
Snippet of the Beck map printed circa 1757 featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the west edge of estate 21.
Snippet of the Beck map printed in 1754 featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
Both Beck printings show an animal mill icon in the west edge of estate 21.
Snippet of the 1750 Cronenberg and von Jaegersberg map featuring Company's Quarter estates #20-21, currently named Bugby Hole.
The 1750 map by Cronenberg and von Jægersberg indicates sugar cultivation and structures including an animal mill in estate 20. Ownership attributed to Daniel Cole.